Many diagnostic companies offer on-line and portable systems
for machine vibration monitoring. They provide also the diagnostics. Does it
differ from preventive vibration diagnostics and by what? The question asked by
the participants of the seminar "Equipment Diagnostics of Nuclear Power Plants".
The question is answered by
Natalia A. Barkova:
The purpose of the vibration monitoring is watching the
changes in machine and equipment vibration condition and detection and
prediction of dangerous changes. The purpose of diagnostics in such systems is
to identify the reasons of these changes.
The purpose of preventive vibration machine and equipment diagnostics is to
detect incipient defects and the prediction of their development. Not always the
monitoring systems can provide all the functions of preventive diagnostics.
There are several reasons of this.
Firstly, the incipient defects excite mostly the high frequency vibration
and only in the defect location. It does not require significant forces.
But not always there is a possibility to mount a sensor on each machine unit,
Secondly, the analyses of high frequency vibration requires comparatively
complicated methods and instruments, that sometimes are not included in the
Thirdly, the experts must have a special training in interpretation and
analyses of different types of machine units high frequency vibration or the
system must have an automated diagnostic module that not all the monitoring
system providers include.
Most successfully the monitoring systems can provide the bearing preventive
diagnostics because the control points on the bearing shields are usually used
by all the monitoring systems. At the same time for example for preventive
diagnostics of each turbine wheel it is necessary to measure its case vibration
in the zone of each turbine wheel, but these control points are usually not used
by the monitoring systems.
So the monitoring system detects most defects by indirect methods, i.e. after
development of several related defects. In this case one of these defects is
detected by the monitoring system. Naturally that the quality of equipment
condition prediction in this case is much poorer than the potentially possible.